FAQ What caused the formation of deep wrinkles? (Show Details...) As a result of the aging processes, wrinkle starts to gradually appear on the skin because of loosing collagen and elastin caused by various factors, such as poor hydration, sun damages, smoking, muscle contraction and habitual facial expressions. What caused the formation of dark eye circle? (Show Details...) The skin around the eyelids is the thinnest skin and the most delicate skin in the body. When blood passes through the blood vessels where close to the surface of the skin, it produces a bluish tint around the eyes. Personal habits such as unbalanced diet, excesses tiredness can cause paleness of the skin and decreases blood vessels where close to the surface of the skin, it produces a bluish tint around the eyes, which made the blood under the skin more visible and appear more blue and darker. What are the types of aging appearance? (Show Details...) 1. Dry Dehydrated skin: Dry skin is caused by the skins protective barrier’s inability to retain enough natural skin lipids or oils to keep the skin moist. During aging, the oil-producing (sebaceous) glands become less active, and your skin will naturally become drier as you age. 2. Thinning and transparent (see-through) skin: The causes for thinning and transparent skin is due to the coils of collagen and elastin suffer cuts along with crosslinking damages. As a result, the skin losses much of it's strength, elasticity and becomes thin, visually transparent to see. The thinning and transparent make the skin looked fragile and vulnerable to damages by abrasion, more sensitive to irritating environmental factors and allergens. 3. Loss of skin firmness, hollowed cheeks and eye sockets: Including the factors described in skin dehydration and thinning of the skin, gravitational forces is another main factor and causation of loss of skin firmness, hollowed cheeks and eye sockets that pulling at the skin, causing it to sag. 4. Wrinkles caused by facial expressions: Some of the wrinkles are caused by facial expressions. With constant and repetitive movement of the muscles, wrinkles start to form in places on the skin such as around the eyes, forehead and checks. Therefore, wrinkles such as crow's feet, wrinkles on the forehead, and wrinkles caused by smiling are examples that caused by repetitive facial expressions. 5. Rough and leathery skin: Due to the reason of aging, dead skin cells do not shed as quickly and turnover of new skin cells may decrease slightly. Therefore, it makes the skin becomes rough and leathery. 6. Age spots: Age spots, also known as liver spot, have little to do with aging, but they have a lot to do with the sun. This is because Sunlight contains ultraviolet rays that cause suntans and burns. As time goes by, tanning causes more pigment than normal to be deposited in the skin. This leads eventually to flat, brown skin lesions known as age spots. 7. Actinic Keratosis: Actinic eratosis are gray-to-pink-to-red, scaly spots called actinic keratoses. These usually occur on your face, scalp and the backs of hands after overexposures to solar radiation. They start as flat lesions that feel like sandpaper, but later may develop a hard, wart-like surface. Between 1% to 3% can progress to skin cancers within 10 to 20 years if ignored, and may need to be removed surgically. 8. Skin Cancer: Skin cancer is a malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes. The most common skin cancers are basal cell cancer, squamous cell cancer, and melanoma. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), so a tumor is usually clearly visible. Skin cancer is most closely associated with chronic inflammation of the skin, which includes Overexposure to UV radiation causes direct or indirect DNA damages; Chronic non-healing wounds, especially burns; Genetic predisposition; and Human papilloma virus (HPV). 9. Seborrheic Dermatitis: The signs of seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation in areas having the greatest number of sebaceous or oil glands. The scalp, sides of the nose, eyebrows, eyelids, and the skin behind the ears and middle of the chest are the most common sites. The affected skin is reddish and can have greasy-looking, often yellow “scales" on the skin. 10. Cherry Angiomas: Cherry Angiomas are harmless, small, bright red domes created by dilated blood vessels. They occur in more than 85 percent of people by middle-age, usually on the trunk. What are the causes for premature aging, and how to prevent it? (Show Details...) Researches have shown that there are two types of aging. Intrinsic aging, also known as the internal aging process is caused by the genes you inherited. On the other hand, extrinsic aging, also known as the external aging process is caused by environmental factors, such as exposures to the solar radiations. Intrinsic aging, which the natural aging process, is mainly caused by the genes that you inherited from your parents that destined to you at the moment of birth. As your age getting older, the skin’s collagen production becomes slower, and elastin, the substance that enables the skin to snap back into place, becomes a bit less spring. Dead skin cells do not shed as quickly and turnover of new skin cells may decrease slightly. Therefore, wrinkles start to appear, your skin becomes pale, thin and transparent, your body skin starts to loss underlying fat, which lead to hollowed cheeks and eye sockets as well as noticeable loss of firmness on the hands and neck. The normal aging process controls by genes is hardly preventable. Extrinsic aging, also known as the aging process caused by environmental factors, such as repetitive facial expressions, gravity, sleeping positions and smoking. Most importantly, most of the premature aging is caused by exposures to solar radiations. “Photoaging” is the term dermatologists use to describe this type of aging caused by exposures to the sun’s rays, which occurs over a period of years. With repeated exposures to the sun, the skin loses the ability to repair itself, and the damage accumulates. Therefore, without protection from the sun’s rays, just a few minutes of exposure each day over the years can cause noticeable changes to the skin. For examples: freckles, age spots, spider veins on the face, rough and leathery skin, fine wrinkles that disappear when stretched, loose skin, a blotchy complexion, actinic keratoses (the thick wart-like, rough, reddish patches of skin), and skin cancer can all be traced to the Sun’s exposure. While you cannot stop or even slow down the intrinsic aging process, it is possible to prevent signs of premature aging caused by external environmental factors. Because most of the premature aging appearances are due to skin dehydration, therefore, quitting smoking, eliminating your facial exercises and protect your skin from the sun’s exposure can help to eliminate premature aging. For recommendations, keep your skin moisturized by applying hydrating creams, Avoiding deliberate tanning, including use of indoor tanning devices, Wearing protective clothing and Applying sunscreen that SPF 15 or higher with PA +++ year round For a healthier, younger-looking skin. Do I have to avoid Sun exposures after applying Me-O Vitamin C+E Topical Serum? (Show Details...) Differ from fruit acids and Tretinoin (also known as Vitamin A acid), Me-O Vitamin C+E Topical Serum is safe to use during day time. Even though the L−ascorbic acid from the natural source of vitamin C can not take over the importance of regular Sun protection procedures, such as applying sun screen and sun-care lotions, but the L−ascorbic acid can prevent your skin from the harmful UV radiation through Sun exposures. This is because L−ascorbic acid could absorb UV radiation and block free radicals to shield our skin from oxidation-stress, increase further protection of our skin from sunburn.